Blue Flower

Industry Sub-Sectors

561 Administrative and Support Services

5611 Office Administrative Services
  561110   Office Administrative Services
5612 Facilities Support Services
  561210   Facilities Support Services
5613 Employment Services
  561311   Employment Placement Agencies
  561312   Executive Search Services
  561320   Temporary Help Services
  561330   Professional Employer Organizations
5614 Business Support Services
  561410   Document Preparation Services
  561421   Telephone Answering Services
  561422   Telemarketing Bureaus and Other Contact Centers
  561431   Private Mail Centers
  561439   Other Business Services Centers (including Copy Shops)
  561440   Collection Agencies
  561450   Credit Bureaus
  561491   Repossession Services
  561492   Court Reporting and Stenotype Services
  561499   All Other Business Support Services
5615 Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services
  561510   Travel Agencies
  561520   Tour Operators
  561591   Convention and Visitors Bureaus
  561599   All Other Traavel Arrangement and Reservation Services
5616 Investigation and Security Services
  561611   Investigation Services
  561612   Security Guards and Patrol Services
  561613   Armored Car Services
  561621   Security Systems Services (except Locksmiths)
  561622   Locksmiths
5617 Services to Buildings and Dwellings
  561710   Exterminating and Pest Control Services
  561720   Janitorial Services
  561730   Landscaping Services
  561740   Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning Services
  561790   Other Services to Buildings and Dwellings
5619 Other Support Services
  561910   Packaging and Labeling Services
  561920   Convention and Trade Show Organizers
  561990   All Other Support Services

Industries in the Administrative and Support Services subsector group establishments engaged in activities that support the day-to-day operations of other organizations. The processes employed in this sector (e.g., general management, personnel administration, clerical activities, cleaning activities) are often integral parts of the activities of establishments found in all sectors of the economy. The establishments classified in this subsector have specialization in one or more of these activities and can, therefore, provide services to clients in a variety of industries and, in some cases, to households. The individual industries of this subsector are defined on the basis of the particular process that they are engaged in and the particular services they provide.

Many of the activities performed in this subsector are ongoing routine support functions that all businesses and organizations must do and that they have traditionally done for themselves. Recent trends, however, are to contract or purchase such services from businesses that specialize in such activities and can, therefore, provide the services more efficiently.

The industries in this subsector cannot be viewed as strictly "support." The Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services industry group includes travel agents, tour operators, and providers of other travel arrangement services, such as hotel and restaurant reservations and arranging the purchase of tickets, serving many types of clients, including individual consumers. This group was placed in this subsector because the services are often of the "support" nature (e.g., travel arrangement), and businesses and other organizations increasingly purchase such services.

The administrative and management activities performed by establishments in this sector are typically on a contract or fee basis. These activities may also be performed by establishments that are part of the company or enterprise. However, establishments involved in administering, overseeing, and managing other establishments of the company or enterprise are classified in Sector 55, Management of Companies and Enterprises. Establishments in Sector 55, Management of Companies and Enterprises, normally undertake the strategic and organizational planning and decision-making role of the company or enterprise. Government establishments engaged in administering, overseeing, and managing governmental programs are classified in Sector 92, Government.

562 Waste Management and Remediation Services

5621 Waste Collection
  562111   Solid Waste Collection
  562112   Hazardous Waste Collection
  562119   Other Waste Collection
5622 Waste Treatment and Disposal
  562211   Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal Services
  562212   Solid Waste Landfills
  562213   Solid Waste Combustors and Incinerators
  562219   Other Nonhazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal
5629 Remediation and Other Waste Management Services
  562910   Remediation Services
  562920   Materials Recovery Services
  562991   Septic Tank and Related Services
  562998   All Other Miscellaneous Waste Management Services


Industries in the Waste Management and Remediation Services subsector group establishments engaged in the collection, treatment, and disposal of waste materials. This includes establishments engaged in local hauling of waste materials; operating materials recovery facilities (i.e., those that sort recyclable materials from the trash stream); providing remediation services (i.e., those that provide for the cleanup of contaminated buildings, mine sites, soil, or ground water); and providing septic pumping and other miscellaneous waste management services. There are three industry groups within the subsector that separate these activities into waste collection, waste treatment and disposal, and remediation and other waste management.

Excluded from this subsector are establishments primarily engaged in collecting, treating, and disposing waste through sewer systems or sewage treatment facilities that are classified in Industry 22132, Sewage Treatment Facilities, and establishments primarily engaged in long-distance hauling of waste materials that are classified in Industry 48423, Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Trucking, Long-Distance. Also, there are some activities that appear to be related to waste management, but that are not included in this subsector. For example, establishments primarily engaged in providing waste management consulting services are classified in Industry 54162, Environmental Consulting Services.

541 Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

5411 Legal Services
  541110   Offices of Lawyers
  541120   Offices of Notaries
  541191   Title Abstract and Settlement Offices
  541199   All Other Legal Services
5412 Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping, and Payroll Services
  541211   Offices of Certified Public Accountants
  541213   Tax Preparation Services
  541214   Payroll Services
  541219   Other Accounting Services
5413 Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services
  541310   Architectural Services
  541320   Landscape Architectural Services
  541330   Engineering Services
  541340   Drafting Services
  541350   Building Inspection Services
  541360   Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services
  541370   Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services
  541380   Testing Laboratories
5414 Specialized Design Services
  541410   Interior Design Services
  541420   Industrial Design Services
  541430   Graphic Design Services
  541490   Other Specialized Design Services
5415 Computer Systems Design and Related Services
  541511   Custom Computer Programming Services
  541512   Computer Systems Design Services
  541513   Computer Facilities Management Services
  541519   Other Computer Related Services
5416 Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services
  541611   Administrative Management and General Management Consulting Services
  541612   Human Resources Consulting Services
  541613   Marketing Consulting Services
  541614   Process, Physical Distribution, and Logistics Consulting Services
  541618   Other Management Consulting Services
  541620   Environmental Consulting Services
  541690   Other Scientific and Technical Consulting Services
5417 Scientific Research and Development Services
  541713   Research and Development in Nanotechnology
  541714   Research and Development in Biotechnology (except Nanotechnology)
  541715   Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Nanotechnology)
  541720   Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities
5418 Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services
  541810   Advertising Agencies
  541820   Public Relations Agencies
  541830   Media Buying Agencies
  541840   Media Representatives
  541850   Outdoor Advertising
  541860   Direct Mail Advertising
  541870   Advertising Material Distribution Services
  541890   Other Services Related to Advertising
5419 Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
  541910   Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling
  541921   Photography Studios, Portrait
  541922   Commercial Photography
  541930   Translation and Interpretation Services
  541940   Veterinary Services
  541990   All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services


Industries in the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sub-sector group establishments engaged in processes where human capital is the major input. These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis, where an individual or team is responsible for the delivery of services to the client. The individual industries of this sub-sector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the services provider.

The distinguishing feature of the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sub-sector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials are not of major importance, unlike health care, for example, where "high-tech" machines and materials are important collaborating inputs to labor skills in the production of health care. Thus, the establishments classified in this sub-sector sell expertise. Much of the expertise requires degrees, though not in every case.

925 Administraion of Housing Programs, Urban Planning, and Community Development

9251 Administration of Housing Programs, Urban Planning, and Community Development
  925110   Administration of Housing Programs
  925120   Administration of Uban Planning and Community Development

This subsector comprises government establishments primarily engaged in national security and international affairs.